Despite its size and population of 35 000 inhabitants, Oeiras is a village. It is the seat of a municipality composed of 10 parishes, for a total of approximately 170 thousand inhabitants. It is located on the right bank of the Tagus estuary and the economy is mainly based on services. The human presence dates back to the prehistoric period. Few traces remained from the time of the Roman and Arabic occupations. It was in the 12th and 13th centuries that some of the coastline forts were erected. But it would be in the 16th century, under the reign of Dom Manuel I, when Oeiras would grow, with the establishment of some industrial units, particularly with the gunpowder factories in Barcarena. In 1759 Oeiras was elevated to town and, in 1898, it became a municipality, after three years belonging to Cascais. The county currently boasts one of the highest indices of life quality in Portugal, being the headquarters of major companies linked to new technologies.

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