Arraiolos is inserted in the middle of the Alentejo plain, in the district of Évora. Its natural beauty and the famous tapestries of Arraiolos attract an increasing number of tourists. The foundation of the village dates back to the 2nd century BC and is attributed to the Sabines, Tusculanos and Albanos. According to several historians the name derives from the Greek Governor Rayo or Rayeo, who was a lord in these lands. Arraiolos had its first charter in 1290, given by Dom Dinis, and in 1511 it received a new charter by Dom Manuel. However, what made the village become famous were the carpets, which have a long history in this region. The embroiderers began the fully manual manufacture of carpets in the 17th century. The printed designs range from patterned arabesques of Persian origin to large floral designs. The National Fair of Arraiolos Tapestries takes place annually. As for gastronomy, the specialties are the açorda (bread dish), migas (dish made with leftover bread), lamb, meat and bacon pies.

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