Long before the Christian presence that, without any doubt, deeply marked the history of Alcobaça, Man, judging by the lithic material found that makes us go back to the Paleolithic era, already occupied these lands since primordial times. The Romanization also left strong marks in the municipality, being the best example of this the archaeological station of Parreitas, and it is assumed that the origin of Alcobaça as a village reassembles this period. The name of the former village was "Helcobatie" and later, during the presence of the Arabs from the 9th century on, "Alcoboxo". It was at this point that the castles of Alfeizerão and Alcobaça emerged, which encouraged the monks three centuries later to the construction of the Alcobaça monastery. The establishment of the Cistercian order in Alcobaça is mainly attributed to donations of D. Afonso Henriques, thanks to whom the monastery was built in 1148, at the confluence of the Alcoa and Baça rivers, and which is stated to be the most pure and majestic abbey erected by monks throughout Europe and which earned it the rank of a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1983. The presence of this religious order marked the cultural, social and economic development of the region at the time and many were the privileges assigned by the kings of the first dynasty to the monks, with a vast territory granted to the monastery. After almost seven centuries, the monks abandoned the monastery in October 13th 1833, leaving behind them a small village with few inhabitants. Today, we are witnessing a strong development of the region, mainly supported by the tourism and the investment in construction of modern industrial zones, cultural, educational, sporting and environmental infrastructures, without ever leaving the traditions aside. The traditions are the ones that survive in the rich gastronomy of the municipality, filled with religious references, in delicacies such as the Delícias de Frei João (sweets made with several fruits and with chestnuts), the Pudim de Ovos dos Frades (kind of egg pudding), the Tachinhos à Dom Abade (sweets with egg and almond filling) or the famous Pão-de-ló de Alfeizerão (kind of sponge cake), the Pastéis da Padeira, the Tortas de Aljubarrota (orange and egg pie) and the Queijadas do Bárrio (kind of cheese sweets). From the handicrafts, the typical Alcobaça pottery and ceramics , which reproduce the blue and white of the old Portuguese faience from the 17th century, the crystals, the tapestries, the tattered blankets, wicker baskets or the colorful Junco de Cós mats stand out. A whole set of reasons that make this county a destination to take into account.
Best Of Alcobaça
Mosteiro de Alcobaça
This Monument was constructed by the Cistercian Rule monks between 1178 and 1254 following the model from the Mother House from Cistercian Rule in Claraval, France. The Monastery is composed by three bodies: the church, the North and South wings where it was respectively located the Kings and Court chambers when visiting and the Abbot and Monks residences. From the ...
Museu Monográfico do Bárrio
The Roman villa of Parreitas is a perfect testimony of the Roman occupation of Bárrio which took place between the centuries I and IV, already humanized from the Chalcolithic site, with an architecture adapted to the Mediterranean climate of the ...
Miradouro de São Martinho do Porto
A place with views of the bay of São Martinho do Porto, a unique formation in Europe.
Castelo de Alcobaça
Installed on a rise about 70 meters west of the monastery, Alcobaça Castle was sent to build by d. Afonso Henriques in 1147, on the presumed ruins of a fortification from the 6th century, as part of an important defensive ...
An ecological farm that aims to connect the visitors to nature through learning, diversion and the respect of nature. It organizes several activities, namely fun ecological games, the teaching of biological farming and the use of alternative energy.
Your Hotel & Spa Alcobaça
Located on the outskirts of the historic town of Alcobaça, Your Hotel & SPA is a place of refuge and tranquillity, that combines the balance of nature engaging with the comfort of a renovated unit. Includes various support facilities and ...
Praia de São Martinho do Porto
Located in a bay, with fine waters, this beach has a sheltering port. From the Facho Hill one enjoys unique views of the Bay of São Martinho do Porto, by the amazing dunes of Salir do Porto.
Museu Raúl da Bernarda
Open to the public since 2000, this museum shows the history of the oldest tapestries factory in Alcobaça. It exhibits several different artistic styles, totalling more than one hundred pieces from 1900 to 1970. By the museum there is a ...